In recent years, the development of artificial intelligence technology and application has shown a new trend. Artificial intelligence has changed from experimental technology to industrialization, and " deep learning + big data" has become the main technical route for the development of artificial intelligence, while the application of artificial intelligence has expanded from service industry to manufacturing industry and agriculture. All these make artificial intelligence show more and more obvious characteristics of general technology and basic technology, and its influence on manufacturing industry is increasingly prominent.
Artificial Intelligence Can Optimize Industrial Structure of Manufacturing Industry
On the one hand, artificial intelligence will phase out some manufacturing sectors. Artificial intelligence will replace the functions of some products, and the industries to which such products belong will shrink until they disappear. Some traditional mechanical equipment and its matching parts in the manufacturing industry may face the risk of shrinking market, and traditional electronic information products that do not have artificial intelligence functions will also face great upgrading pressure.
On the other hand, artificial intelligence will completely transform some industries. The integration of artificial intelligence and traditional manufactured products will provide some new functions in a short period of time, but will eventually completely subvert the structure of products and industries.
As a general purpose technology, artificial intelligence has huge application space in various industries and fields. As technology matures and market demand expands, many new technologies will eventually evolve into new industries. Artificial intelligence and related support technologies and derivative services will certainly develop into a large-scale industrial system.
Artificial Intelligence Will Improve Manufacturing Production Efficiency
First, artificial intelligence can improve the intelligence level of the manufacturing industry and extend the start-up time of the factory. The use of more intelligent robots means that factories and workshops can achieve longer working hours. Enterprises can operate factories 24 hours a day without having to pay extra overtime costs. In the United States, Japan, Germany and other countries, there have been " unmanned factories" that do not stop work.
Second, artificial intelligence can promote the matching of production and demand and improve the flexibility of production lines. Artificial intelligence scientifically arranges production plans in the whole industrial chain by predicting market trends, so as to keep the minimum inventory or even " zero inventory" on the premise of satisfying demand in all links, and at the same time improve the matching efficiency between demand and products.
Third, artificial intelligence can improve the quality inspection level and product yield. Artificial intelligence monitors all aspects of the production line in real time. Compared with traditional methods, the monitoring of the production process by artificial intelligence can greatly improve the supervision and control ability of enterprises on product quality, reduce the defective rate of products and improve production efficiency. Some enterprises use artificial intelligence to conduct overall quality inspection on the production process of products, which can increase profits by hundreds of millions of yuan per year.
The Development of Artificial Intelligence Will Change the International Division of Labor in Manufacturing Industry
Artificial intelligence will reshape the global manufacturing value chain and form a new international division of labor system, which will have a significant impact on the traditional international division of labor in manufacturing.
On the one hand, artificial intelligence has added a new link to the traditional value chain, which has become a new commanding point in the value chain. Developed countries are striving to seize this commanding point to strengthen their manufacturing industry's leading role in the global division of labor.
On the other hand, artificial intelligence has also changed the traditional value chain, and the labor cost advantage of developing countries will continue to weaken.
Like other developing countries, China's manufacturing industry still has the advantage of labor cost in the competition with developed countries, but more application of artificial intelligence will weaken this advantage. At the same time, China's labor costs continue to rise. High labor costs have become a bottleneck in the development of manufacturing industry in developed coastal areas, and the application of artificial intelligence can alleviate this pressure. From this perspective, accelerating the application of artificial intelligence in manufacturing industry in China will have a more complex impact.
Our country has advantages in realizing artificial intelligence application scene optimization and commercial layout in manufacturing. We should make full use of these advantages and further integrate and utilize global innovative resources, especially in the fields of artificial intelligence basic technology, core technology, key parts and equipment. Leading manufacturing enterprises should be encouraged to take advantage of applied technology, huge domestic market and strong capital strength as backing, strengthen research and development cooperation with leading international enterprises in core technologies and key technologies, integrate into local innovation networks of developed countries as much as possible, and gradually accumulate capabilities.
China's leading manufacturing enterprises should be encouraged to jointly set up artificial intelligence research and development institutions overseas, strengthen scientific and technological cooperation and information exchange, make full use of international innovative resources such as technology, capital and talents, and enhance research and development capabilities in core technologies and key technology fields.
Accurately Grasp the Development Trend of Artificial Intelligence Technology and Industry
More attention should be paid to the process of drawing up the technology strategy map and studying and judging the development trend. In this process, not only a consensus on the development trend of artificial intelligence technology should be formed, but also knowledge exchange and interaction between academia and industry should be formed, so as to promote in-depth exchanges and discussions among relevant parties around the development direction and possible breakthroughs of artificial intelligence technology, promote knowledge integration, expansion and deepening, and lay a foundation for technological innovation and application development.
Strengthening the Promotion of Artificial Intelligence to Transformation and Upgrading of Manufacturing Industry
In the new round of international division of labor, China needs to carefully choose the key areas and directions for the development of artificial intelligence, strive to create characteristics, and make efforts to high-end links. It should be noted that manufacturing is a department with strong international competitiveness in our country. We should carefully grasp the investment focus of artificial intelligence and firmly grasp the strategic opportunity to take the lead in developing artificial intelligence application in the advantageous manufacturing field. At the same time, we also need to make concrete efforts in the fields of image and voice recognition.
Pay attention to the social problems such as laws arising from the development of artificial intelligence.
With the development of artificial intelligence, it is necessary to establish an appropriate and effective mechanism as soon as possible to accurately assess the ethical, legal and social impacts brought about by the development of artificial intelligence. Relevant institutions, such as the Artificial Intelligence Committee, should be established to supervise the changing scientific and technological practices. This institution should include experts, practitioners and non-governmental representatives with wide representation. At the same time, clear rules should be established to ensure the transparency of the decision-making process and to build a reasonably structured responsibility system.
source:Laizhou Shenglong Chemical Machinery Co., Ltd.